Building Safety for Village Houses
- New Territories Exempted Houses
- Arrangement of enforcement against UBW in NTEH
- Reporting Scheme for UBW
- Green and Amenity Facilities
- Links to Technically Competent Person T2 Lists available in various Institutions and Associations
New Territories Exempted Houses
New Territories Exempted Houses (NTEH) generally refer to those village houses situated in the New Territories which by virtue of the Buildings Ordinance (Application to the New Territories) Ordinance are exempted from certain provisions of the Buildings Ordinance (BO) and its subsidiary regulations (including the need for obtaining approval and consent to the commencement of works from the Buildings Department). They include the village houses built by indigenous villagers under the New Territories Small House Policy, commonly known as "small houses". For details of the exemption criteria for different types of NTEH, please refer to the provisions of the relevant Ordinance or the pamphlet "Building New Territories Exempted Houses" published by the Lands Department.
NTEH are in general designed and built in compliance with the exemption criteria in respect of the height and roofed-over area, etc stipulated in the Buildings Ordinance (Application to the New Territories) Ordinance, which thus qualify them for exemption. For example, new housing should be of not more than 3 storeys and of a height of not more than 8.23 m (about 27 feet) and with a roofed-over area not exceeding 65.03 m2 (about 700 square feet). Any additions, alterations or minor works which result in the stipulated height, roofed-over area etc of these houses being exceeded would invalidate the exemption. This would not only render the addition, alteration or minor works as unauthorised building works (UBW) but would also turn the NTEH concerned into unauthorised buildings. However, any buildings built in the New Territories before the Buildings Ordinance (Application to the New Territories) Ordinance came into force on 1 January 1961, irrespective of whether they complied with the exemption criteria, would not come within the above definition of UBW, so long as there had been no alteration, addition to or re-construction of the building after that date.
Arrangement of enforcement against UBW in NTEH
- UBW constituting obvious hazard or imminent danger to life or property, UBW under construction or newly completed
The Buildings Department (BD) will maintain its existing practice and take immediate enforcement action against UBW constituting obvious hazard or imminent danger to life or property, UBW under construction or newly erected. [Note: UBW completed after 28 June 2011 are regarded as newly erected UBW.] The Building Authority (BA) will serve a statutory order requiring the building owner to remove the UBW concerned within a specified time. If the UBW have not been removed by the specified time, the BA may take prosecution action against the concerned building owner. The BA may also deploy the government contractor to carry out the works, and thereafter recover the cost of the works plus supervision charge and a surcharge from the building owner.
- Existing UBW not posing imminent danger but constituting serious contravention of the law and imposing higher potential risks
For other existing UBW not posing imminent danger, the BD will first focus and take proactive enforcement actions against those which constitute serious contravention of the law and pose higher potential risks to building safety. This first round of targets for such enforcement action mainly include village houses of four storeys or more, houses built without a Certificate of Exemption issued by the Lands Department or the approval and consent of the BA, enclosed rooftop structures covering more than 50% of the roofed-over area of the building concerned and unauthorised projecting structures attached to UBW, etc.
First Round Targets : Existing UBW constituting serious contravention of the law and imposing higher potential risks Item Village house of four storeys or above constructed of reinforced concrete or masonry. Structures of single storey or above constructed of reinforced concrete, masonry or other materials on 3-storey New Territories exempted house. Redevelopment, alteration or addition carried out on private building lot of which the lease stipulates no restriction on building height and number of storeys, and in contravention of the exemption criteria prescribed in the Buildings Ordinance (Application to the New Territories) Ordinance since 1 January 1961. No approval has been obtained in accordance with the Buildings Ordinance for the aforesaid construction works. With the exception of the unauthorised building works prioritised for deferred enforcement. Height or roofed-over area of the main building exceeds the exemption criteria prescribed in the Buildings Ordinance (Application to the New Territories) Ordinance. No approval has been obtained in accordance with the Buildings Ordinance for erection of the building. Enclosed rooftop structures constructed of reinforced concrete, masonry or other materials, with a coverage of more than 50% of the roofed-over area of the main building. Buildings not issued with certificate of exemption in accordance with the Buildings Ordinance (Application to the New Territories) Ordinance prior to the commencement of works, and the Lands Department will not issue a certifcate of exemption. No approval has been obtained in accordance with the Buildings Ordinance for the works. Unauthorised projecting structures attached to unauthorised building works. (e.g. signboard erected on unauthorised rooftop structures).
- Existing UBW constituting less serious contravention of the law and imposing lower potential risks
The BD will tackle these UBW in phases after dealing with the first round targets. As these UBW come in many different forms and size, the BD introduced a reporting scheme to collect more detailed information on them. The BD will categorise the UBW, conduct objective risk assessment for the different classes and formulate progressive enforcement plans. The reporting period for the reporting scheme ended on 31 December 2012. The BD is now processing the information of the UBW given in the reporting forms.
Existing UBW constituting less serious contravention of the law and imposing lower potential risks (Examples) Item Enclosed balcony constructed of steel or aluminium structural elements, metal plates or glass. Enclosed rooftop structures constructed of reinforced concrete, masonry or other materials, with a coverage of not more than 50% of the roofed-over area of the main building. Unenclosed rooftop structures constructed of steel or aluminium structural elements. Ground floor extension constructed of reinforced concrete, masonry or other materials, whether or not the extension has internal access to the main building. Partition wall exceeding 150mm in thickness erected between the balconies of two adjoining New Territories Exempted Houses. Canopy projecting from the external wall of the main building, except the green and amenity facilities allowed to be provided. Ground floor canopy with pillars. Metal supporting rack for air-conditioning unit (with anti-dripping design) and lightweight air-conditioner hood projecting from the external wall of the main building, except the green and amenity facilities allowed to be provided. Signboard projecting from the external wall of the main building. Wall signboard mounted on the external wall of the main building, except the green and amenity facilities allowed to be provided. Signboard erected on the rooftop.
Reporting Scheme for UBW (The reporting period for the reporting scheme ended on 31 December 2012.)
The "Reporting Scheme for UBW in NTEHs" (the "Reporting Scheme") is introduced with a view to curbing the emergence of new UBW and to safeguard the structural safety of NT village houses. Owners of NT village houses with UBW eligible to join the Reporting Scheme may report such UBW to the BD within the specified period of 1 April to 31 December 2012, and appoint qualified personnel to conduct inspections and verify the safety of the UBW in accordance with the requirements described in the Guidelines on the "Reporting Scheme". For details, please refer to the following Guidelines:
- Guidelines on the Reporting Scheme for Existing Unauthorised Building Works in NTEH
- New Territories Exempted Houses Reporting Scheme for Unauthorised Building Works Requirements for Safety Certification
Green and Amenity Facilities that may be installed in both New and Existing NTEH
Some specified green and amenity facilities, whether they currently exist in the village houses or to be installed in new and existing village houses in future, can be allowed to stay or be installed at any time in future without seeking the permission from the Lands Department or the BD, provided that the village house is a NTEH exempted under the Buildings Ordinance (Application to the New Territories) Ordinance. The green and amenity facilities listed below may be installed in NTEH, please also refer to the pamphlet "Building New Territories Exempted Houses" published by the Lands Department.
|Green and amenity facilities that may be installed in both new and existing NTEH*|
|Metal supporting rack for air-conditioning unit (with anti-dripping design), components of split type air-conditioner and lightweight air-conditioner hood
|Roller shutter / folding gate installed on the ground floor for security purpose
|Cage like external metal window grilles
|Retractable plastic or canvas hood
|Small overhang located above the side door on the ground door
|Small size antenna, television dish antenna, solar energy heater or solar energy equipment# which satisfies the following requirements may be installed on the main roof or roof of stairhood
Such facilities should not be installed on canopy.
# Household-scale solar water heating system of nominal size comprising one or more solar collector(s) and a water tank
|Open and uncovered rooftop gardening trellis
|Signboard of ground floor shop
|Exhaust duct of food premises/restaurants
|Partition wall erected between the balconies of two adjoining NTEH
|Unenclosed Rooftop awning
|Amenity facilities mounted on or affixed to the external wall, such as shrine shelters, lamp posts and lighting installations (including those installed on the rooftops, parapets, and overhangs), that are small-scale and do not cause obstruction.|
|Electricity meter box (on ground floor only)
|Liquefied petroleum gas cylinder storage box (on ground floor only)
|Prefabricated storage cabinet placed on roof
|Anti-burglary bars installed on a balcony
|Main entrance metal gate
|Metal drying rack
Remark * Green and amenity facilities are regarded as unauthorised building works under Building Ordinance (Cap. 123) if they do not conform to the requirements listed above. The Buildings Department will take action against unauthorised building works in accordance with its enforcement policy and priority will be given to enforcement actions against those unauthorised building works having serious non-compliance with the requirements listed above.
Links to Technically Competent Person T2 Lists available in various Institutions and Associations
(For the reference of the owners who have submitted the reporting forms for the Reporting Scheme for UBW in NTEHs but without the submission of the safety certification)
- The Chartered Institute of Building (Hong Kong)
- H.K. General Building Contractors Association Ltd.
- The Hong Kong Institute of Clerks of Works
- The Institute of Clerks of Works and Construction Inspectorate (Hong Kong)
- Australian Institute of Building (Hong Kong Chapter)
- Hong Kong Institute of Construction Managers
- Registered Minor Works Contractor Signatory Association Ltd.
- The Professional Building Surveying Consultants Association of Hong Kong
The Lists of Technically Competent Person T2 in Private Sector are complied, maintained and provided by various professional bodies in private sector. The Government of the HKSAR plays no part in the compilation of the Lists and shall not be responsible for any inaccuracies in the Lists nor any error/incomplete information arising from the hyperlink nor any loss or damage whatsoever arising out of or in connection with any information or the performance of the TCP-T2 in the Lists. The TCP-T2 in the Lists should not be regarded as endorsed or recommended by the Buildings Department or the Government of the HKSAR. Owners are responsible for making their own assessment of all information in the Lists. Related Institutions/Associations should be contacted should there be any queries on any matter regarding the Lists.
- Pamphlet "Village Houses without unauthorised building works put your mind at ease"
- Annex (12/2014) - Small size antenna, television dish antenna, solar energy heater or solar energy equipment